Archive for the ‘fallacy’ Category


The 10 Commandments of Logic!

July 21, 2015

10 Commandments Caress

Logic is the tool of philosophy. Developed by philosophers over thousands of years to ensure clear reasoning on difficult concepts like we are currently just starting to explore. So, to keep our thoughts on track, thou shalt read:

The 10 Commandments of Logic!

  • Thou shalt not attack the person’s character, but the argument. (Ad Hominin fallacy)
  • Thou shalt not misrepresent or exaggerate a person’s argument in order to make them easier to attack. (Straw Man fallacy)
  • Thou shalt not use small numbers to represent the whole. (Hasty Generalization fallacy)
  • Thou shalt not argue thy position by assuming one of its premises is true. (Begging the Question fallacy)
  • Thou shalt not claim that because something occurred before that it must be the cause. (Post Hoc/False Cause fallacy)
  • Thou shalt not reduce the argument down to two possibilities. (False Dichotomy fallacy)
  • Thou shalt not argue that because of our ignorance the claim must be true or false. (Ad Ignoratum fallacy)
  • Thou shalt not lay the burden of proof onto the person who is questioning the claim. (Burden of Proof Reversal fallacy)
  • Thou shalt not assume that “this” follows from “that” when there is no logical connection. (Non Sequitur fallacy)
  • Thou shalt not claim that because a premise is popular that it must be true. (Bandwagon fallacy)

Note: Try to find these in the news and TV. People love getting worked up to a fever with the Post Hoc, Bandwagon and Appeal to Authority (because Charlton Heston said so) fallacies. Religious arguments (and Rene Descartes) tend to revolve around Begging the Question and Appeal to Faith (self-explanatory). And politicians are particularly guilty of, well, pretty much all of these!

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